Climate change may affect wind energy generation and its seasonality

04 July 2019 | Adaptation

The General Director of Factor, Kepa Solaun, together with Emilio Cerdá, professor at the Complutense University of Madrid, have published an academic paper on the impacts of climate change on wind energy generation.

The study entitled: " Impacts of climate change on wind energy power – Four wind farms in Spain", has been published in Renewable Energy, scientific publication Q1, considered one of the most influential in the sector.

Different studies have pointed out that climate change can affect key variables for wind energy generation, such as wind speed and direction. The key step of the published article is to generate a model to evaluate in specific wind farms how relevant the impacts can be from a technical and economic point of view.

The study focuses on four wind farms operated by Acciona. The analysis is carried out using power curves adjusted to the operation of the wind farms and a downscaling of EURO-CORDEX projections for two IPCC scenarios (RCP 4.5 and 8.5) and two time periods (2018-2041 and 2042-2065).

In conclusion, the results of the study show that variations in production of up to 8% and changes in operating margins of up to 10% may occur. In addition, seasonal generation may also fluctuate, with an increase in summer and a decrease in winter. Finally, an investment analysis was conducted to consider how climate change may influence future developments in the sector.


For more information, we share the link where you will find the full article (free access for six months):



Factor has worked for numerous companies in the energy sector value chain in quantifying the impacts of climate change (utilities, equipment manufacturers, network operators, financial sector, etc.). It has applied its own methodologies as well as those of the IPCC or TCFD.

The firm has 15 years of experience offering technical consultancy services in the fields of adaptation and mitigation to climate change, climate finance, carbon footprint, sustainability, circular economy, among others, for governments and international organizations, as well as for more than 400 companies.



Source: Factor