Technology Central to Climate Fight
21 June 2016 | Mitigation
A new publication by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) highlights the 20 year history that technology development and transfer has played in the global fight against climate change.
Technologies, such as renewable energy, energy efficient technologies or technologies that help people cope with a changed climate, play a critical role in the fight against climate change.
The publication highlights how this critical role has been taken forward under the UNFCCC. This includes work on technology through the consultative process, technology transfer framework, technology needs assessments, and the Technology Mechanism. It also describes the key role of climate technology financing.
UNFCCC Crucial to Facilitating Development and Transfer of Climate Technologies
Since 1992, through the UNFCCC, governments have facilitated the development and transfer of climate technologies to build a solid foundation for sustainable development on the national and regional levels.
In that time, more than 85 developing countries have assessed their technology needs to address climate change and accelerate national development. Developing countries have also implemented more than 800 projects with mitigation technology transfer objectives through over USD 5 billion of funding and USD 40 billion of co-financing provided through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Since 2001, the GEF has also provided more than USD 1 billion for over 300 projects with adaptation technology transfer objectives.
Since 2010, the Technology Mechanism has been supporting countries to accelerate climate efforts. Its Technology Executive Committee has become a key climate technology policy body, analysing contemporary climate technology issues and developing balanced policy recommendations for countries to consider. As of mid 2016, the Technology Mechanism’s implementation arm, the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), is responding to more than 100 requests from developing countries on climate technology issues. The requests cover a broad range of both mitigation and adaptation issues and reflect the diverse challenges that different countries face. For instance, the CTCN helped Bhutan to reduce public transport greenhouse gas emissions and supported Namibia in developing a water harvesting plan.
To achieve the Paris Agreement, technology will play an even more important role in supporting countries to meet the challenge of climate change. The Technology Mechanism will be an important player in facilitating such efforts.