UN ‘certain’ Paris climate deal will enter into force by end-2016
20 September 2016 | Mitigation
UN officials have said they are confident the Paris climate change agreement will enter into force by the end of 2016, with at least 20 countries indicating they will join it at a UN event on Sept 21, adding to the 27 that have already done so.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has invited states to deposit their instruments of ratification or approval of the Paris deal at the one-hour event on Wednesday morning.
Leaders whose countries are not yet ready to join but plan to do so this year have been invited to contribute videos expressing their commitment, said Selwin Hart, director of the UN chief’s climate change support team.
“When we start to look at the countries that are joining the... agreement and the countries that are going to commit to join before the end of the year, we are absolutely certain that we will have the Paris Agreement on climate change entering into force by the end of 2016,” said David Nabarro, Ban Ki-moon’s special advisor on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable D0evelopment.
To take effect, the Paris climate agreement needs ratification by at least 55 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, representing at least 55 per cent of global emissions.
The officials told journalists in New York on Thursday that the United Nations had so far received 27 ratifications covering 39pc of global emissions, including from the world’s top two greenhouse gas emitters, the United States and China.
Among those expected to join formally next week are Mexico and Brazil.
Brazil completed its domestic process on Monday, but while it produces around a tenth of global carbon pollution, its share of global emissions that will count towards the Paris threshold is only 2.48pc, as it is based on 2010 data.
Experts with the World Resources Institute calculate that if all the nations that have said publicly they will join the Paris agreement this year fulfill that pledge, it could begin in 2016.