Ethiopia: Overview of Climate Resilient Green Economy
viernes, 29 de abril de 2016 | Adaptación
Ethiopia is one of the countries in Africa dominated by agricultural society and agriculture contributes 38.8 percent to its GDP, more than 80 percent of livelihood and export.
Unfortunately, agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Climate change impacts are becoming threat to agricultural productivity and food security as well as low economic development. Moreover, it is aggravating poverty in many countries of the world including Ethiopia.
Currently, Climate Change impacts are mainly manifested in the form of recurrent drought and flood. Drought and flood impact results in decline in GDP, reduction in agricultural output.
To address existing problems, the Ethiopian government has launched Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy in 2011 with the vision to achieve middle-income status by 2025 while developing a green economy. The strategy comprises of three components: Green-economy/mitigation, Adaptation/climate resilience and Funding instrument/facility.
CRGE strategy has identified effective options to improving existing productivity and reducing Green House Gas emission from agriculture sector as it reduces vulnerability of agriculture to Climate Change by improving adaptation, mitigation and productivity. It led to an economically viable, ecologically sustainable and socially suitable form of production.
CRGE pilot project was designed to test the strategy. The project was implemented nationally in 27 Woredas of all states. Interventions of the projects were clustered under 5 major outputs and focusing on capacity development intervention programs.
Sustainably increasing productivity, enhancing resilience of livelihoods and ecosystem, reducing Green House Gas emissions are focus areas of CRGE strategy.
Source: All Africa